广发彩票开户

三大应用领域需求回暖 硬质合金行业景气度上升

切削刀具领域:需求稳定

QIEXUEDAOJUZHONG,YINGZHIHEJINZHUYAOZUOWEIDAOJUCAILIAO,RUCHEDAO、XIANDAO、BAODAO、ZUANTOU、TANGDAODENG,YONGYUQIEXUEZHUTIE、YOUSEJINSHU、SULIAO、HUAXIAN、SHIMO、BOLI、SHICAIHEPUTONGGANGCAI,YEKEYIYONGLAIQIEXUENAIREGANG、BUXIUGANG、GAOMENGGANG、GONGJUGANGDENGNANJIAGONGCAILIAO。QIEXUEJIAGONGZHUYAOYITUOJICHUANGLAISHIXIAN,MUQIANWOGUOQIEXUEGONGJUDEYINGZHIHEJINYONGLIANGYUEZHANYINGZHIHEJINZONGCHANLIANGDE1/3ZUOYOU,QIZHONGYONGYUHANJIEDAOJUDEZHAN78%ZUOYOU,YONGYUKEZHUANWEIDAOJUYUEZHAN22%ZUOYOU。

广发彩票开户QIEXUEDAOJUZHUYAOYINGYONGYUZHIZAOYE,YINGZHIHEJINQIEXUEGONGJUYIQIYOUYIXINGNENG(GAOQIANGDU、GAORENXING、GAOYINGDU,LIANGHAODEREWENDINGXINGHEREYINGXING),ZAIGAOSUQIEXUEJIAGONGLINGYUZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。XIAYOUCHUANTONGXINGYERUJIXIEQICHE、CHUANBO、TIELU、MOJU、FANGZHIDENG;GAODUANJIXINXINGYINGYONGLINGYUBAOKUOHANGKONGHANGTIAN、XINXICHANYEDENG。QIZHONG,JIXIEJIQICHEZHIZAOSHIYINGZHIHEJINDAOJUZAIJINSHUQIEXUEFANGMIANZUIZHUYAODEYINGYONGLINGYU。

图表1:硬质合金切削刀具部分应用领域

广发彩票开户XIANLAIKANJIXIEXINGYE,JIXIEJIAGONGJIEJUEFANGANSHIYINGZHIHEJINCHANYELIANDEHEXINCHANPIN,MIANXIANGXIAYOUDESHUKONGJICHUANG、HANGKONGHANGTIAN、JIXIEMOJUJIAGONG、CHUANBO、HAIYANGGONGCHENGZHUANGBEIDENGZHIZAOJIAGONGLINGYU。GENJUGUOJIATONGJIJUSHUJU,WOGUOTONGYONGJIZHUANYONGSHEBEIZHIZAOYECHANZHITONGBIZENGSUZAI2015NIANCHUDIZHIHOU,LIANXULIANGNIANHUISHENG。2017NIAN,TONGYONGSHEBEIZHIZAOYECHANZHI4.7WANYIYUAN,TONGBIZENGJIA8.5%;ZHUANYONGSHEBEIZHIZAOYECHANZHI3.66WANYIYUAN,TONGBIZENGJIA10.20%。SUIZHEZHIZAOYEGUDINGZICHANTOUZIZHENGTICHUDIHUISHENG,JIXIEXINGYEDUIJIAGONGJIEJUEFANGANDEXUQIUJIANGYINGLAIJINYIBUFANDAN。

    

QICHEZHIZAOFANGMIAN,QICHEZHIZAOYEZHONGZUIWEIZHONGYAODEGONGZHUANGZHIYISHIGONGJUMOJU,ERYINGZHIHEJINGONGJUMOJUSHIQIZUIZHONGYAODEZUCHENGBUJIAN。JUGUOJIATONGJIJUSHUJUXIANSHI,WOGUODEQICHEZONGCHANLIANGCONG2008NIAN961.54WANLIANGZENGJIADAO2017NIANDE2994.20WANLIANG,PINGJUNZENGZHANGLVWEI12.03%。JINGUANJINLIANGNIANZENGSUQUYUXIAJIANG,DANZAIGAOJISHUBEIJINGXIA,YINGZHIHEJINQIEXUEDAOJUZAIQICHELINGYUDEXIAOFEIXUQIUJIANGBAOCHIWENDING。

广发彩票开户ZONGTIERYAN,ZAIQIEXUEJIAGONGLINGYU,CHUANTONGQICHEJIJIXIEXINGYEZENGSUPINGWEN,DUIYINGZHIHEJINXUQIUXIANGDUIWENDING。YUJIDAO2018-2019NIAN,QIEXUEDAOJUYINGZHIHEJINXIAOHAOLIANGFENBIEDADAO1.25WANDUN、1.39WANDUN,ZENGSUBAOCHIZAILIANGWEISHUYISHANG。

地质矿山领域:需求回升

DIKUANGGONGJUFANGMIAN,YINGZHIHEJINZHUYAOZUOWEIZAOYANGONGJU、CAIJUEGONGJU、ZUANTANGONGJU,CHANPINXINGTAIBAOKUOCHONGJIZAOYANYONGQIANTOU、DIZHIKANTANYONGZUANTOU、KUANGSHANYOUTIANYONGQIANKONGZUAN、YALUNZUANYIJIJIEMEIJIJIECHI、JIANCAIGONGYECHONGJIZUANDENG。YINGZHIHEJINKUANGYONGGONGJUZAIMEITANSHIYOU、JINSHUKUANGCHAN、JICHUSHESHIJIANSHEDENGFANGMIANFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONG。DIKUANGYONGJUSUOHAOYINGZHIHEJINYUEZHANYINGZHIHEJINZHONGLIANG25%-28%。

DANGQIANWOGUORENGCHUYUGONGYEHUAZHONGQIJIEDUAN,NENGYUANZIYUANXUQIUZENGSUFANGHUAN,DANXUQIUZONGLIANGRENGJIANGWEICHIGAOWEIYUNXING,YUJIDAO2020NIAN,WOGUOYICINENGYUANXIAOFEILIANGYUEWEI50YIDUNBIAOZHUNMEI,TIEKUANGSHI7.5YIDUNBIAOKUANG,JINGLIANTONG1350WANDUN,YUANLV3500WANDUN。

ZAIXUQIUGAOWEIYUNXINGDEBEIJINGXIA,KUANGCHANPINWEIDEQUSHIXINGXIAJIANGJINYIBUPOSHIKUANGQIZENGJIAZIBENKAIZHI,RUHUANGJINKUANGSHIDEPINGJUNPINWEICONGSHANGSHIJI70NIANDAICHUQIDE10.0KE/DUNDIEZHI2017NIANDE1.4KE/DUNZUOYOU。ZHEIXUTONGGUOTIGAOYUANKUANGCHANLIANGLAIBAOCHIJINSHUCHANLIANGDEWENDING,CONGERDAIDONGKUANGYONGGONGJUXUQIUHUISHENG。

    未来两年,随着煤炭、石油、金属矿产价格维持高位,预计开采勘探意愿持续回升,地质矿山工具对硬质合金的需求量将继续大幅增加,预计2018-2019年需求增速均将维持在20%左右。


  耐磨用具领域:需求释放

       耐磨硬质合金主要用于各种耐磨领域的机械结构制品,包括模具、耐高压高温腔体、耐磨零件等。目前用作各类模具的硬质合金约占硬质合金总产量的8%左右,耐高压高温用腔体约占硬质合金总产量9%左右,耐磨零件包括喷嘴、导轨、柱塞、球、轮胎防滑钉、铲雪机板等。

以模具为例,由于使用模具比较集中的行业包括汽车、家电、IT等与人们日常生活紧密相关的消费类行业,在消费升级背景下,产品的更新换代越来越快,对模具的要求也越来越高,预计2017-2019年模具硬质合金需求复合增速为9%左右。

     加上耐高压高温用腔体及耐磨机械零件对硬质合金需求的提升,预计2018-2019年耐磨工具硬质合金需求增速分别为14.65%、14.79%,需求达到11024吨、12654吨。


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